Suprovich Sergey Valeryevich, Postgraduate student, Nizhnevartovsk State University (3b Mira street, Nizhnevartovsk, Russia), email@example.com
Background. The foreign policy of Peter the Great in 1700–1725 in the national historiography seems to be well-studied, however the young tsar’s actions in thefield of international relations and his external political plans in 1692–1700 remain unclear, rise quite a number of questions and have not been critically examined by historians. The present work analyzes articles by A. I. Andreev, N. A. Baklanova and G. K. Babushkina drawing attention to external political questions of the tsar’s activity in the early period of his reign.
Results. N. A. Baklanova gave consideration to the diplomatic content and functions of the Great Embassy in Holland, emphasized the decorative function of F. Lefort as the first ambassador and believed that the diplomatic mission was actually managed by the second ambassador F. A. Golovin. A. I. Andreeva was interested in the tsar’s stay in England in 1698, the main reason for which the historian saw in English-Russian trade interests. The scientist pointed at the method of achieving beneficial agreements with Russia, used by the British, when concluding the tobacco contract through the feature of young Peter to quickly fall under the influence of people intersting for him. G. K. Babushkina considered the tsar’s diplomatic activity in 1692–1697. The historian thought that Russia’s conclusion of “the Everlasting peace” with Poland and entering into the anti-turkish coalition were determiners of Russia’s entering the system of international relations. Those decisions also determined the Black Sea direction of the Russian external policy in 1680s–1690s aiming at termination of the aggressive policy of the Crimea Khanate. Subsequently, the said external political course was inherited by Peter the Great, who utilized marches to Crimea and the capture of Azov to acquire more beneficial and significant positions of Russia among the anti-turkish coalition allies and in the course of negotiations with the Ottoman.
Conclusions. The facts in the focus of the historians make it possible to critically review the diplomacy of young Peter the Great and to doubt the views, commonly recognized in the Russian historiography, both on external political goals of Russians in the period of the Great Embassy in Eastern Europe in 1697–1698 and on the tsar’s external policy of the last decade of the XVII century in whole.
Peter I, foreign politics, Azov campaigns, Great eEmbassy, England, trade
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